What is Technology? An Overview of the Definition and Evolution of Technology
In the present world, technology is everywhere. It pervades our lives from the smallest appliances we use to the most complex machinery used by big businesses. With technology comes a variety of changes in how people do things, including how they think. A broad definition of technology would therefore include many things such as computers, telecommunications, transportation systems, finance, medicine, engineering, communications, etc., as well as other things not previously mentioned.
The definition of technology is changing rapidly, as technological advances are almost as rapid. Take for example, what is technology? According to Merriam Webster’s dictionary, technology is “the application of modern science and technology for the development of new information and of practical use.” This definition has changed little since Webster’s day. Technological change is thus a continual process, in which new tools, materials, equipment, and processes are continually being introduced, developed, or invented to provide new capabilities or enhance old ones.
Technological change occurs for many reasons. One reason is that society and individuals themselves change with technology, as new tools or equipment become available. Another reason is that technology makes the existing things more efficient or cheaper or both. Changing how people communicate, conduct business, learn about the world, and interact is another reason. These changes can have an enormous effect on society, and everyone needs to be aware of the changes that are occurring.
Technological change occurs because technology is used to an end. When something is used over again, it becomes an item of routine services, which are then considered part of the standard of living. The word “technological” is therefore often used synonymously with “utility”, “utility computing”, “information technology”, and “communication”. What is the technology used for? Anything and everything that can be done over the Internet or over a Local Area Network can be considered technology.
Technology also changes significantly with the invention of computer hardware and software. The definition of “personal computers” in this article refers only to desktop personal computers. Other types of technology include network-attached service (NAS), virtual private servers, cloud computing, and mobile devices such as smartphones, netbooks, optical scanners, pen drives, and digital cameras. There are many other forms of technology, but the ones highlighted in this article are the most commonly known and used today.
As you can see from the definition above, technology is changing almost as rapidly as people themselves. People are constantly inventing new ways to store information, create new applications, improve on existing methods, and expand on existing items. Every day there are more technological items and devices being made available to the general public. This constant change is what makes technology so interesting to so many people.